International Center for Global Monitoring and Forecast of Seismic Weather

AKOPIAN Samvel Tsolaki
Founder and General Director

Chief researcher of the Physics of the Earth Russian Academy of Sciences. Member of the Russian Expert Council on earthquakes, seismic hazard and risk prediction (REC).

Doctor of Physics and Mathematics sciences.

Member of the International Academy of Geoecology (IAG).

Has over 87 publications, one monograph and 5 computer developments
Main Publications
Over the past 10 years
1. Akopian S.Ts., 2007. Dissipative seismic systems, entropy and the possibility of creating system forecast "Seismic weather". The almanac "Business Glory of Russia", III edition, 42−46.

2. Akopian, S.Ts., Popov E.A., 2010. Monitoring induced seismicity based on seismic entropy method. Abstracts, Induced seismicity ECGS — FKPE workshop, 15−17 November, Luxembourg, 3−4.

3. Akopian S.Ts., & Rogozhin, E.A., 2013. Modeling kinematics of the Tauro-Caucasus region and dynamics of strong earthquake preparation with M ≥ 7.1, Probl. Eng. Seismol., 40, 5−24.

4. Akopian S.Ts., 2013. Seismic systems of the Japan, entropy and monitoring of the mega earthquake Tohoku on March 11, 2011, Probl. Eng.Seismol.,40, 67−90.

5. Akopian S.Ts. 2013. Quantitative description of seismic processes in real medium and the algorithm of long-term prediction of large earthquakes: By examples of Armenian Upland, North-Western Iran, Italy, and Central California. Moscow, Triumph, 92.

6. Akopian S.Ts. & Kocharian A.N. 2013. Critical behavior of seismic systems and dynamics in ensemble of strong earthquakes. Geophys. J. Int.,; doi: 10.1093/gji/ggt398 (January, 2014) 196 (1): 580-599.

7. Akopian S.Ts. 2014. Application of seismic entropy to increase frac efficiency, ROGTEC, 38, 54–61.

8. Akopian S.Ts. 2015. Entropy seismology and its application in the development of shale gas. Oil Gas Exposition. 6, 45. 40-43.

9. Akopian, S.Ts. 2015. Open dissipative seismic systems and ensembles of strong earthquakes: Energy balance and entropy funnels. Geophys. J. Int. 201, pp. 1618–1641. doi: 10.1093/gji/ggv096/

10. Akopian S.Ts., 2016. Seismic systems, the law of entropy production and ensembles of strong earthquakes. Izv. RAN, Physica Zemli, 6. 1-22.

11. Akopian S.Ts., Bondur V.G., Rogozhin E.A., 2017. Technology for monitoring and forecasting strong earthquakes in Russia with the use of the seismic entropy method. Izv. RAN, Physica Zemli, 1, 1-20.

12. Akopian S.Ts. 2017. Entropy, monitoring of seismicity in the Armenian Highlands and the dynamics of filling of the Akhuryan reservoir. Probl. Eng.Seismol., 44, № 2. 5-14.

13. Akopian S.Ts., 2017. Entropy Seismology: Oil and Shale of Northeast China. Neftegaz. RU, 10. 20-24.

14. Akopian S.Ts. 2017. Entropy seismology and the view of cosmology: Seismic formalism and alphabet of evolution. Nat. Ac. of Sci. of RA Electronic Journal of Natural sciences, 1 (28). P.53-73.

15. Akopian, S.Ts. 2017. Entropic seismology and the view of cosmology: Dark energy, dark matter and gravitation. Nat. Ac. of Sci. of RA Electronic Journal of Natural sciences, 1(28). P. 74-94.

16. Akopian S.Ts., 2018. Double earthquakes, their nature and prognosis by the method of seismic entropy. Probl. Eng.Seismol., 45. No. 2. P. 43-56.

17. Akopian S.Ts., 2018. Analysis of the Ural earthquake on September 4, 2018 based on the method of seismic entropy. Probl. Eng.Seismol., 55. No. 4. P. 37-46.

Main Scientific Results
In the field of the study Free Oscillations of the Earth (1971-1987)
• Solved the problem of reference corrections (Base line corrections) when constructing Global Models of the Earth's internal structure (PREM) by introducing a dynamic (frequency-dependent) shear modulus of the Earth's interior. Showed that the classical models of the Earth should be built on a reference frequency of 1 Hz.
• Developed a theory of excitation by a strong earthquake of natural oscillations and surface waves in an inelastic-layered earth.
• For the first time, he revealed the spectrum of the Earth's own oscillations on the basis of long-period registrations of strong earthquakes in the world on the territory of Armenia.
• On these topics in 1975 he defended his thesis, and in 1987 his doctoral dissertation.
In the field of seismotectonics, remote sensing and teaching (1980-1987)
• Developed a dynamic plate-block seismotectonic model of the evolution of the Tauro-Caucasus region.
• Developed (on the instructions of the SCST) a system for collecting seismic prognostic information of the Alpine-Himalayan belt through satellites and participated in experiments with the Intercosmos B-1300 satellite.
• Created and headed the Department of Physics of the Earth in the physics department of Yerevan State University. He taught special courses.
In the field of seismic impact assessment for buildings and constructions (1988-1992)
• Investigated the increment of seismic impact intensity due to the resonant properties of the soils of the Ararat sedimentary basin.
• He was a member of the expert group on seismicity assessment at the Armenian NPP site (after the Spitak earthquake) under the Government of the Republic of Armenia.
• Investigated soil category III on seismic properties and made recommendations to Gosstroy of Armenia, in order to clarify the SNiP of Armenia.
In the area of earthquake prediction (1983-2019)
• 1983-1987. led the Garni underground geophysical observatory and was deputy director for seismic forecast.
• 1991-2001 led the Department of Mathematical Modeling of Seismic Processes at the NSSP under the Government of the Republic of Armenia.
• 1996-1997. led by Armenia, the international project INTAS 94-0232, (Italy, France, Russia, Armenia), "Short-term Dynamics of Rism Reduction", Coordinator Prof. L.Bertocchi, ICTP, Trieste, Italy.
• Introduced the concepts of elementary microearthquake, seismic system, seismic system density, seismic and informational entropy. He discovered the law of seismic entropy production.
• Developed a universal method for quantitative description of seismic processes and earthquake prediction.
• Developed a computer technology for earthquake prediction and implemented it for 120 earthquake-prone regions of the world and in 45 systems in the territory of the Russian Federation. In 2007, he created the Geoquake Earthquake Prediction Center.
• From 2007 to 2012 made in ON Line mode on the Internet monitoring and forecast of earthquakes in 150 seismic systems of the world on the site www.geoq.ru
• From 2012 to the present. (once a quarter) Bulletins on earthquake prediction for the territory of the Russian Federation are published and submitted to the Emergency Situations Ministry.
• From 2014 to 2017, a technology has been developed for monitoring and forecasting strong earthquakes in Russia.
In the field of oil and gas production, induced seismicity, seismic entropy and cosmology (2013-2018)
• From 2013-2017, he developed a theory of entropic seismology based on the concept of open dissipative seismic systems, formulated analogues of the laws of thermodynamics in seismic statistics, developed the alphabet of evolution and a simplified theory of quantum mechanics.
• From 2014-2017, the seismic entropy method was applied to solve technological problems in the oil and gas industry, the development of shale gas and induced seismicity.
• From 2015 to 2017, the seismic formalism was formulated, which allows us to look at physical processes, at cosmology from unusual positions of seismology, to describe the evolution of the Universe, starting with dark energy, dark matter and gravity.
A model of the origin of the Universe was built at an early stage, before the Big Bang, before the appearance of light, for the so-called "dark" Universe.